What Does Justification Mean?

Justification is a legal term. It describes God’s act of declaring sinners not guilty because of Christ’s righteousness. This was guaranteed by Christ’s resurrection: “[Jesus] was raised again for our justification” (Romans 4:25).

Asking God to judge us based on our own imperfect record would be a terrifying prospect. Relying on our record—even in part—could never yield a not guilty verdict (Galatians 2:16).

Yet, through faith, believers stand on Christ’s perfect record and are personally assured of this acquittal. Through faith in Christ’s saving work, his merits are credited to us (2 Corinthians 5:21), and we are reckoned righteous. See also Righteousness.

Believers enjoy a new status before God as “the righteous” and “saints.” They already know the verdict and can look forward to Judgment Day. This brings peace with God (Romans 5:1).

For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

2 Corinthians 5:21

Study Justification in the Scriptures

Romans 4:25

Galatians 2:16

2 Corinthians 5:21

Romans 5:1

More on Justification


Does God have a case against me?

Will you be declared “not guilty”? How can we be sure of our status?


What will happen to you on Judgment Day?

When you stand before God, will you point to your own righteous character or Christ’s righteousness?


Lesson 12: A Humanitarian by Giving Us a Wonderful Status

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